Effective May 1, the Brazilian government modified the rules governing native fish exports for the aquarium trade. The implication is that aquarists may now be able to more easily acquire some species. It also suggests some species that were previously not exportable may now be. What impact this will have on cichlid exports, if at all, is unclear.
I haven’t been able to find any definitive information on the specific genera or species this applies to. It is clear which species it doesn’t apply to. Exportation is still not permitted for certain species. Specifically, those already identified as threatened or fall into some other protective classification, such as CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora), are still forbidden.
The upcoming July/August edition of Amazonas will have an in-depth article about this and its effects on the aquarium trade. If you’re not an Amazonas subscriber, I encourage you to subscribe. Though not a cichlid specific publication, the magazine frequently has great articles about cichlids. In the meantime, you can visit this page for more information about the Brazilian policy change.